The succulent could suffer if it’s left out below 50°F (10°C). When you get the potting soil mix and watering frequency right, you can put the plant in a bright spot, protected from direct sunlight, and almost forget about it. Trim off the dying stems and dispose of in the trash—don’t compost them. — Regular price £14 African Milk Tree / Euphorbia trigona Rubra - easy care succulent houseplant in 12cm pot. African Milk Barrel. Hold off watering until the potting soil of African milk cactus dries. In this guide, you’ll have a hands-on background of all it takes to grow and take decent care of the African Milk Tree Cactus. A light, aerated soil also allows the Euphorbia cactus roots to have enough oxygen for healthy growth. Make sure the temperatures are anywhere between 65 and 75 °F. Put on protective clothing and suitable gloves. Gently remove the African milk plant from its container. You also need to watch out for other strains of fungi infections that hit your plant mostly when you overwater or grow it in ultrarich soil. Toxic Principles: Ricin (highly toxic) Clinical Signs: Loss of appetite, excessive thirst, weakness, colic, trembling, sweating, loss of coordination, difficulty breathing, depression, bloody diarrhea, seizures, death. So you need to keep the soil moderately moist. If you expose it to bright light and warm temperatures, it can reach about 3 to 6 feet tall, thereabout. Allowing all the excess water to drip out also makes sure that too much moisture doesn’t stay in the pot. Or, you can use a suitable cactus mix for growing Euphorbia succulents. Let the plant settle for a few days before watering. How does African milk tree grow? Synonyms. Views: 9032, Replies: 8 » Jump to the end. Although Euphorbia Trigona looks like a cactus or a little tree/shrub, it is classified as a succulent. The plant’s cactus names come from its tall, upright growth and its thorns that emerge from the corners of the stems. Unit price / per . This type of container for succulents prevents soil from staying too damp. Run a flat knife around the inside edge of the pot to loosen the soil. One thing to remember when propagating candelabra cactus is to use protective gear. Although it resembles one, the African milk tree is not a cactus at all, nor is it a bush or a tree. Rinse both the cut sections of the plant with clean water, making sure not to let the “milk” splash on your skin. At maturity, the Euphorbia cactus reaches up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) in height. If the soil is too dense, you could add pumice or perlite to increase aeration. Typically, it should only take about 2-3 months for your plant to sprout a few nutrient-absorbing roots. Pictures of full-grown Euphorbia cacti look like large, bushy trees. It should come as no surprise that many people think of it as a cactus. The Euphorbia cactus is a perennial, evergreen succulent native to Central Africa. So, you can leave them for a few weeks without water. However, it’s highly unlikely that Euphorbia cacti bloom indoors—even under ideal growing conditions. It has an upright stem and number of branches that also grow upward. The milky sap is proven to cause irritant signs on the skin and eyes, according to a report from the Center of Biotechnology Information in the US National Library of Medicine. In most instances, this plant suffers a massive mealybugs infestation. Don’t provide fertilizer when the plant stops growing in fall and winter. This plant loves to grow outdoors under USDA hardiness zones 9-11. African Milk Tree cactus (Euphorbia trigona) is a tall, rugged, easy-care plant with thorns.It should come as no surprise that many people think of it as an African cactus. The two factors are: Average room temperatures are ideal for growing African milk plants indoors. Your email address will not be published. But it’s generally grouped as a succulent plant in spite of the fact that it emerges a few leaves during its maturity stages. It does have a potentially toxic sap so care must be taken to wear gloves and keep from rubbing your eyes. Euphorbia, African Milk Tree, Candelabra Cactus 'Rubra' Euphorbia trigona. The candelabra cactus is an easy-to-grow houseplant when you grow it in the right soil. If you want to take the edge off its growth rate, you can pluck off a few stems and replant them in new containers. It is known for rapid and enthusiastic growth, and Euphorbia trigona can grow to heights of six to eight feet. Hence, it also goes with other names such as the Candelabra cactus or Euphorbia cactus. Strictly adhering to zero/low maintenance policy, it is left in the outdoors - no pampering at all. For best results, propagate this plant either during spring or summer when the temperatures are above 70°F. Quick African Milk Tree Care Guide. soontobegreenthumb Dec 15, 2017 9:23 PM CST. View gallery. The stem itself is dark green with V-shaped light green patterns. If is damp them hold-off watering, if it’s dry then water again. There are reported cases of Euphorbia sap causing vision problems and even blindness if it gets into the eyes. Recognizing the value of the do-it-yourself movement of the last several years, DIYs.com is inspired by unique yet replicable ideas. Looking at pictures of the Euphorbia cactus, it has a similar growth habit to the saguaro cactus – both are identified by a tall, straight central stem with upward-growing branches that look like arms. This particular cactus needs proper care to bud and flower each year. And that’s more reason why it’s casually classified as a tree since it has a few traits that resemble those of a real tree. Place your Euphorbia cactus in a bright spot where it gets plenty of indirect sunlight. For your branching succulent to thrive, all you need is a heavy, unglazed clay pot to support this indoor tree like plant, and well-draining, sandy soil. It has also adapted well to indoor spaces and grows healthy and happy in apartments all over the world. horrida. Only water the cactus like plant whenever the soil dries out. A cactus from tropical western Africa, commonly known as the African Milk Tree. Watering the African milk tree regularly when the temperatures are high, helps maintain its texture and appearance. Protect the African milk cactus from cold drafts in winter. Full to partial sun. Mine was store-bought at 6" tall; one year later, it is 3 ft tall and 2 ft wide. African Milk Tree, High Chaparall, Cathedral Cactus, Abyssinian Euphorbia. Use stem cuttings to propagate Euphorbia trigona plants. DIYs.com is an up-and-coming community of people specialized in high-quality and on-trend DIY projects and tutorials in home design, fashion, and crafts. Due to the plant’s growth, there are a few things to keep in mind when repotting. The Candelabra cactus (Euphorbia trigona or Euphorbia cactus) is a type of succulent, not a true species of cactus. It’s also highly recommended to place the medium far from kids and pets. Leave the stem to harden for about 7 days or slightly more, by placing it somewhere with dry air circulation. Perlite. Also known as African milk bush, friendship cactus and candelabra cactus, Euphorbia trigona is not a tree, bush or cactus. African milk tree earned its common name from the white, milky sap it exudes. Botanical Name: Euphorbia trigona – (yoo-FOR-bee-uh) (try-GOH-nuh) Common Name(s): African Milk Tree cactus, candelabra cactus, Abyssinian Euphorbia, cathedral cactus, friendship cactus Christmas cacti are considered tropical plant types that require extra care, unlike their desert relatives, which don't need as much care to grow and flower. Take a new container that is one to two sizes larger than its current one and fill it half-full with a cactus mix potting soil. The plant is most often grown indoors because of the necessity of very warm temperatures and frost tender status. Remember to bring it back indoors when the temperature drops to 55°F (12°C). Don’t miss to use protective gear( gloves and goggles) during this exercise to avoid any irritation on your skin or eyes. The tall, upright candelabra cactus grows well near a south-facing window but protected from direct sun that can burn the plant. Instructions on how to propagate Euphorbia trigona: The hardy succulent stems root quickly, and you can soon grow new plants. It was white and milky. It’s natively from West Africa and traces its genetic roots from the Euphorbiaceae family. It works to repel sap-sucking insects and animal pests, but it can also cause injury or an allergic reaction in people. Do you fancy adopting a tall, bushy, and drought-resistant succulent with a rare crown of thorns? Many species of plants in the genus Euphorbia have this white sticky sap that irritates the skin, mucous membranes, and the eyes. In their native environment, Euphorbia trigona grows as tall as 8 or 9 ft. (2.4 – 2.7 m). Also called the African milk tree, this plant is a tall-growing branching succulent. A cactus is low maintenance and requires well-draining soil which we supply along with a contemporary ceramic pot. African Milk Trees (Euphorbia trigona) are succulents that make great houseplants. However, avoid allowing the potted cactus like plant to stand in a cold draft or air-conditioning airflow. Your Euphorbia will thank you for a bit of neglect. Hello guys, My wife and I recently bought a house at the end of summer and it came along with a 30 year old African Milk Tree (Euphoria). Euphorbia trigona or African milk tree is a perennial ornamental house plant growing up to 3 meter tall. Lightly tie the stems together with string to prevent them from falling and breaking. — Regular price £28 Save £20. Because everyone’s style is individual, customized pieces with a high-end look are what we’re always after. Along the ridges of the stems are thorns and small oval-shaped leaves. The Euphorbia trigona Rubra or Royal Red Euphorbia creates a dramatic visual statement. Medical reports say that its toxic white sap can cause skin inflammation, irritation, and burning. The common name for this popular succulent is African Milk Tree because of the milky sap that oozes out of it when broken or cut. Remember—it is better to underwater cacti and succulents, rather than overwater them. Apart from amending your potting mix with coarse sand, adding perlite or pumice also works great to help the soil absorb moisture much faster. Some natives in Thailand strongly believe that the crown of thorns which grows this plant foresees the fortune of its keeper. To know when to water a Euphorbia trigona, check the top 2” (5 cm) of soil for moisture. But since it’s a succulent and not a cacti plant, it can’t withstand lengthy drought periods. This feature indicates that your plant’s wellbeing is in good shape. The weight of the pot helps keep the plant steady—essential when the Euphorbia grows tall. It develops three-fold stalks with the formidable potential to grow to about 6-8 feet in height. You can either plant the cut stem in fresh potting soil or allow it to dry for two days to callus over. The African milk tree retains a rustic and elegant look even when you ditch it for a few weeks, but will be more radiant if you take care of it routinely. Using protection when propagating these succulents will protect you from the irritating milky sap in the plant’s stems. Of course, Euphorbia cactus growth is faster in spring and summer than during its dormant period in winter. This species of Euphorbia succulent is popular with many houseplant owners because it looks like a cactus. This item 4" Plant Euphorbia TRIGONA RUBRA African Milk Tree Rare Cactus Plant Exotic Succulent The Next Gardener Succulent Plant Live, Titanopsis Calcarea, Concrete Leaf, Fully Rooted in 4 inch Planter with Soil, Rare Indoor Succulents Décor, Great Gift Idea Mealybugs and scale insects are two types of pests that can infest candelabra cactus plants. Christmas cactus plants are attractive houseplants that bloom in December, just in time for the holidays. Carefully put the plant in the new pot and fill the remaining space with potting soil. You can then plant the newly-cut stem in fresh potting mix, and it will start taking root after three weeks. You need to protect your asking and eyes from contact. Well, the fact is, this plant would surprisingly grow up to 9 feet tall and resemble the shape of a large branched candlestick — even more so if you let it have an outdoor experience because that’s exactly where it belongs. The stem and branches can have two or three sides. But you can easily control its height by pruning the tops off the stems. Variegated milk tree cactus Approx. But make sure it’s no more than 1 inch every 6 days or so—mostly during summer. Some issues associated with excessive air moisture are root rot, fungal disease, or houseplant pests. All species of succulents—including Euphorbia trigona—must grow in sandy cacti soil with excellent drainage. 18 more photos VIEW GALLERY. Love Lies Bleeding Plants – How To Grow And Care For Amaranthus Caudatus. Also, you need to protect the long thorny stems from puncturing each other and your skin. Instead, you practically have the autonomy to choose whether to prune your plant or not. From over 2 decades ago, there have been major efforts by hybridizers to improve the newer breeds of this plant. Use soluble fertilizer that’s recommended for succulent plants once a month every summer and spring. A Euphorbia cactus doesn’t need much water. It’s needless to say that you need a growing medium with enough drainage holes to keep your roots from rotting. As with growing most succulents and cacti at home, too much humidity can be their downfall. These sap-sucking pests feed on the juices of your plant and can affect its growth. Even when you grow it under the most suitable conditions, the African milk tree is still prone to a few pests diseases. Also known as the “African Milk Tree”, the Euphorbia Trigona cactus loves bright indirect sunlight. Root rot caused by overwatering is a common disease that can kill candelabra cactus plants. Whenever you run your routine pruning, use protective gear to prevent your eyes and skin from contact with the toxic sap. The Euphorbia houseplant thrives in a room temperature range of between 64°F and 78°F (18°C – 26°C). This leafy cactus-like succulent has a central stem with branches that grow upward. Description. It is also easy to prune the spiky succulent stems to grow more indoor “trees.”, Euphorbia Trigona is an easy to grow low maintenance houseplant. The plant's spines can cause painful cuts and scrapes. Bring down the number of watering intervals when it’s fall or winter and don’t use fertilizer on your plant during these two seasons. But you may find that it adapts well to shaded areas or darker places—for example, north-facing rooms. Euphorbia trigona, known as the African Milk Tree (because of the milky sap contained in the stems) is an easy-care indoor plant that comes from Africa. A sandy, loamy potting soil that allows water to drain fast is ideal for these plants. Repot this plant every 2 to 3 years or so. It is easy care indoors, or outdoors in a frost free position. This exercise also requires you to use protective gear—to avoid contact with the poisonous sap from the milk tree. your own Pins on Pinterest As with watering types of cacti, the soil should dry between watering. Only water Euphorbia cactus plants when the top layer of soil is completely dry. Also, a lack of light may cause the succulent stems to darken in color. It needs minimal fertilizer. The worst thing you can do to succulents or cacti is to let their roots sit in soggy soil. However, without adequate light, the Euphorbia trigona’s growth becomes thin. It's a succulent plant native to central Africa. The Euphorbia trigona gets its common name ‘African milk tree’ from the toxic white sap in its stems. If you are planning on growing a Euphorbia cactus at home, you don’t have to worry about its enormous height. For example, you need to protect yourself from skin contact with the toxic sap. Using a few solid tips, you can, now more than ever, take care of your African Cactus with little to zero trouble and make it bloom throughout the year like it’s on cruise control. If there are any signs of dampness, you’ll need to wait. Other common names for Euphorbia trigona include the good luck cactus, cathedral cactus, friendship cactus, dragon’s bones, the high chaparral plant, and Abyssinian Euphorbia. The good news is that Euphorbias are a drought-tolerant type of houseplant. This type of deep watering ensures the roots get appropriately hydrated. Use alcohol to wipe off whitish warts which appear in the leaves, or even better, purchase neem oil and spray it on the affected areas. These leaves, however, don’t survive for long. It’s also dubbed “the African Cactus” due to its place of origin. Thoroughly drenching the soil helps rinse away excess minerals that can build up in the soil. Family: Euphorbiaceae (yoo-for-bee-AY-see-ee) Genus: Euphorbia (yoo-FOR-bee-uh) Species: trigona (try-GOH-nuh) Cultivar: Rubra: Synonym: Euphorbia trigona f. rubra: 26 members have or want this plant for trade. African milk plants (Euphorbia trigona) don’t have any special humidity requirements. In its natural habitat, it grows in dense, thorny thickets. Transplant the African milk tree in a 6-inch planting pot when it shows signs of new growth. Water Requirements: … African Milk Tree / Euphorbia trigona Rubra - easy care succulent houseplant in 6.5cm pot. The minimum temperature is 55°F (12°C). Apply the fertilizer solution every three to four weeks during the growing season—spring and summer. During spring and summer, water it evenly to inhibit its growth prospects. Learn how to spot the signs of common houseplant pests to keep plants healthy and thriving. 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